3 ways to reset root password in linux

today I'm gonna to explain how to reset root password in linux. 2 of this ways can be applied only if you have access to PC physically. 3rd way can be applied if your service provider have recovery console or something like that:)

so lets start:

1 EDITING LOADER (in my case it will be GRUB)

boot machine
when the GRUB menu appears, use arrow keys to choose OS to be booted
press letter "e'' on the keyboard to enter edit mode
use arrow keys to select the kernel line for kernel to be booted
press "e" to edit line
go to end of line and type "single" (without quotes) as a separate word
press ESC key to exit the edit mode
press "b" to boot into single user mode
after booting you can set password for root by running passwd  commnad
reboot and login with new pw


If the easy method doesn't work on your machine, another way to solve the "lost root password" problem is to boot your computer from your Linux Installation CD/DVD, or from a live-CD/DVD such as Knoppix.

Boot with the live-disk then go to a terminal and su to root (no password is required) then issue the following commands (be sure to replace each /sda1 with your own root partition device):

mount -o dev,rw /mnt/sda1
cd /mnt/sda1/etc
Once you are into your system /etc directory, you can use a text editor (vim, nano, pico, etc.) to edit the /etc/shadow file where the password is stored. Various information about root and user accounts is kept in this plain-text file but we are only concerned with the password portion.

For example, the /etc/shadow entry for the "root" account may look something like this:

Now, using your favorite editor (I'll use vim) delete the password hash. For this example, the password is in green text and is all those characters between the 1st and 2nd colons.

vim shadow
After you've edited this field, it should look like this:

Now save the file and change back to the root directory and unmount the system root partition (don't forget to change the /sda1) as follows:

cd /
umount /mnt/sda1
Now reboot the computer.

Once the computer has booted and you're at the login prompt, type "root" and when asked for the password just press ENTER (entering no password). After a successful login, you need to set the new password for root using the following command:

this way was not tested by me and I found it in google :)

1.Boot from LIVECD or in RC
2. mount root partition
- if no raid on server than
mount /dev/hda2 /mnt/newroot
- if you have raid
mount /dev/md1 /mnt/newroot
NOTE make sure that you replace hhd name with your own

3. Bind /dev/random from your server
mount –bind /dev /mnt/newroot/dev
4. changing the root file system. (e.g.):  
# chroot /mnt/newroot /bin/bash
5.change root password
6. reboot in normal mode

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